Red wine has drawn lots of attention for its research-backed potential to lower the risk of heart disease and lengthen your lifespan. Does white wine have the same benefits? Let's get into it...
What's the Difference Between Red and White Wine?
The main difference between white and red wine has to do with whether the grape juice is fermented with the grape skins.
To make white wine, grapes are pressed and skins, seeds and stems are removed before fermentation.
However, to make red wine, the crushed grapes are transferred to vats directly and they ferment with the skin, seeds and stems. The grape skins lend the wine its pigment, as well as many of the distinctive health compounds found in red wine.
As a result of steeping with the grape skins, red wine is particularly rich in plant compounds that are present in those skins, such as tannins and resveratrol.
White wine also has some of these healthy plant compounds, but generally in much lower amounts.
Many different grape varietals are used to produce wine, including Pinot Gris, Syrah and Cabernet Sauvignon.
While red varietals are used to make red wine, white wine can actually be made from red or white grapes. For instance, traditional French champagne is made with the red Pinot Noir grape.
Many countries produce wine. Some of the main wine-growing regions are in France, Italy, Spain, Chile, South Africa, Australia and California in the US.
While most regions grow several types of grape varietals, some places are particularly known for one or two, such as Napa Valley Chardonnay, Spanish Tempranillo and South African Chenin Blanc.
|Red Wine||White Wine|
|Carbs||4 grams||4 grams|
|Sugars||1 gram||1 gram|
|Manganese||10% of the RDI||9% of the RDI|
|Potassium||5% of the RDI||3% of the RDI|
|Magnesium||4% of the RDI||4% of the RDI|
|Vitamin B6||4% of the RDI||4% of the RDI|
|Iron||4% of the RDI||2% of the RDI|
|Riboflavin||3% of the RDI||1% of the RDI|
|Phosphorus||3% of the RDI||3% of the RDI|
|Niacin||2% of the RDI||1% of the RDI|
|Calcium, vitamin K, zinc||1% of the RDI||1% of the RDI|
Overall, red wine has a slight edge over white because it has higher amounts of some vitamins and minerals. Nevertheless, white wine contains fewer calories.
SUMMARY: In terms of nutrients, red and white wine are neck and neck. However, red wine has slightly higher levels of some vitamins and minerals. Because it ferments with grape skins and seeds, red wine is very high in plant compounds that deliver a variety of health benefits.